Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT)
The Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) is a voluntary supply-chain security program led by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) focused on improving the security of private company supply chains with respect to terrorism. The program was launched in November 2001. As of December 1, 2014, the program had 10,854 members. The 4,315 importers in the program account for approximately 54% of the value of all merchandise imported into the U.S.
Companies who achieve C-TPAT certification must have a documented process for determining and alleviating risk throughout their international supply chain. This allows companies to be considered low risk, resulting in expedited processing of their cargo, including fewer customs examinations.
Types of participants in C-TPAT
~ US importers of record
~ US/Canada and US/Mexico cross-border highway carriers
~ Mexico long-haul carriers
~ Rail, sea, and air carriers
~ US marine port authority and terminal operators
~ Consolidators (US air freight consolidators, ocean transportation intermediaries and non-vessel operating common carriers)
~ Mexican and Canadian manufacturers
~ Certain invited foreign manufacturers
~ Licensed US customs brokers
~ Third-party logistics providers
~ Brokers and agents
~ Agencies participating in negotiation of business deals